Georgia borders with Russia in the north, Turkey in the south and Armenia and Azerbaijan separated by the natural border of the Little Chewing Causal. In the west Georgia is bordered by the black and in the east by the Caspian Sea. The sub-republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia on the border with Russia belong to Georgia under international law, but, supported by Russia, have declared independence. Russian military units have been in the regions since the Caucasus War in 2008.
More than half of the country is covered by mountains, which in some places reach more than 5,000 meters in altitude. The highest elevation, with 5,033 meters above sea level, is the Kazbek in the central Caucasus and with 5,068 meters, the Shkhara in Svaneti in the northwest. In addition to the mountainous landscapes, the Georgian landscape is also dominated by valleys.
Of the approx. 3.7 million inhabitants are 83.6% Geogis, 6.4% Azerbaijanis, 5.6% Armenians, 1.5% Russians, 0.9% Ossetians and 2.66% Abkhazians. In addition, live Pontos Greeks, Kurds and Jews in the country.
The official language is Georgian, which is written in its own script. 84% of Georgians belong to the Georgian Orthodox Church, 9.9% are Muslims.
The capital is Tbilisi, which has a population of 1.1 million.
Unesco World Heritage in Georgia
- Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands (2021)
- Gelati Monastery (1994, 2017)
- Upper Svaneti (1996)
- Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (1994)